Hydrochloric acid or muriatic acid is a colorless inorganic chemical system with the formula HCL . Hydrochloric acid has a distinctive pungent smell . it is classified as strongly acidic and can attack the skin over a wide composition range , since the hydrogen chloride completely dissociates in an aqueous solution .
hydrochloric acid is an important chemical reagent of polyvinyl chloride for plastic . In households , diluted hydrochloric acid is often used as a descalling agent . In the food industry , hydrochloric acid is used as a food additive and in the production of gelatin . hydrochloric acid is also used in leather processing .
hydrochloric acid was discovered by the alchemist Jabir IbnHayyan around the year 800AD . It was historically called acidum salis and spirits of salt because it was produced from rock salt and “green viitriol : ( Irol (II) sulfaate ) ( by Basillus Valentinus in the 15 th century ) and later from the chemically similar common salt and sulfuric acid ( by Johann Rudolph Glauber in the 17 th century ) . Free hydrochloric acid was first formally described in the 16 th century by Libavius . Later , it was used by chemicals such as Glauber , Priestley , and Davy in their scientific research Unlesspressurized cooled , hydrochloric acid will turn into a gas if there is around 60% or less of water . Hydrochloric acid is also known as hydrochloric as hydronium chloride , in contrast to its anhydrous parent known as hydrdrogen chloride , or dry HCL .
Hydrochloric acid is a clear, clear/white, highly strong-smelling solution of hydrogen chloride (HCl) in water. It is a highly (causing slow chemical destruction), strong mineral acid with many industrial uses. Hydrochloric acid is found naturally in (stomach-related) acid. When it reacts with an organic base it forms a hydrochloride salt.
It was (in the past) called acidum salis, muriatic acid, and spirits of salt because it was produced from rock salt and green anger (by Basilius Valentinus in the 15th century) and later from the chemically almost the same common salt and sulfuric acid (by Johann Rudolph Glauber in the 17th century). Free hydrochloric acid was first formally described in the 16th century by Libavius. Later, it was used by chemists such as Glauber, Priestley, and Davy in their scientific research.
With major production starting in the Industrial Revolution, hydrochloric acid is used in the chemical industry as a chemical reagent in the large-scale production of vinyl chloride for PVC plastic, and MDI/TDI for polyurethane. It has many smaller-scale uses, including household cleaning, production of gelatin and other food (things added to food, or something else), descaling, and leather processing. About 20 million tonnes of hydrochloric acid are produced worldwide every year.
Hydrochloric acid is also used in the production of batteries , photoflash bulbs and fireworks . it is even used to process sugar and make gelatin . Hydrochloric acid , like last months chlorine compound , sdium chloride , is another ” workhorse ” chemical because it is incredibly useful in a wide variety of ways .
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